Electrical Cardiometry™

Continuous, non-invasive hemodynamic monitoring

Window to the Circulation®

Monitoring Hemodynamics

Electrical Cardiometry™, or EC™, is a completely non-invasive method for the continuous determination of various hemodynamically important parameters.

The parameters describe the cardiovascular system (blood flow, contractility, vascular resistance), the thoracic fluid status and the blood oxygenation. Electrical Cardiometry™ gives a comprehensive picture of the hemodynamic circulatory system – in less time than it takes to measure blood pressure!

Electrical Cardiometry™ as implemented in AESCULON® and ICON® are U.S. market-released for use in adults, children and neonates.

EC™ requires the application of four adhesive sensors to the surface of the skin.

EC™ has been validated against gold standard methods such as thermodilution.

Our Electrical Cardiometry™ Products



Hand-held noninvasive



Portable noninvasive



Noninvasive hemodynamic



For Adults, Pediatrics
and Neonates



Osypka Medical

Placement of four skin sensors permits continuous measurement of changes of the thoracic electrical bioimpedance (TEB). By sending a low amplitude, high frequency electrical current through the thorax, the resistance (or impedance) which the current is facing (due to several factors) is measured. Application of advanced filtering techniques, Electrical Cardiometry™ (EC™) is isolating the impedance changes corresponding to varying blood flow.

The patented model of EC™ assumes that the underlying phenomenon of the characteristic change in thoracic impedance (or conductivity) during each cardiac cycle is the change in orientation of the erythrocytes (RBCs) when subjected to pulsatile flow.

Osypka Medical

During diastole, the RBCs in the aorta assume a random orientation, which causes the electrical current to meet more resistance, resulting in a lower measure of conductivity. During systole, pulsatile flow causes the RBCs to align parallel to both the blood flow and electrical current, resulting in a higher conductivity state. By analyzing the rate of change in conductivity before and after aortic valve opening, or in other words, how fast the RBCs are aligning, EC™ technology derives the peak aortic acceleration of blood and the left ventricular ejection time (flow time). The velocity of the blood flow is derived from the peak aortic acceleration and used within Osypka Medical’s patented algorithm to derive stroke volume. Prior to measurement only weight, height, age and gender of the patient must be entered – that is all what is needed to start a measurement with an EC™ monitor.

Osypka Medical

The EC™ Sensors must be placed at specific locations, as stroke volume measurement is depending on the volume of the electrically participating tissue, i.e., the thoracic volume.  

The placement of the four sensors differs slightly depending on the age (or height) of the patient.

  • For neonates, sensors are placed on the forehead or temporal area (A), the onset of the neck (B), left thorax (C) and left inner tie (D).
  • For children, sensors are placed on the temporal area or upper neck (A), the onset of the neck (B) and left thorax (C and D).
  • For adults, sensors are placed on the upper neck (A), the onset of the neck (B) and left thorax (C and D).

Electrical CardiometryTM Parameter Range